Yukka Threads has another name, namely, "the tree of happiness." A very beautiful and interesting plant. It is quite unpretentious, it is not very difficult to care for a yucca. It is important to keep a few key points in mind. The native land of the plant is North America. There are about 40 varieties of filamentous yucca, and there are specimens without a stem.
The plant is an inflorescence that forms a lush brush. The height of the flower reaches one and a half meters. Yucca Filamentous - a garden plant and you can find it anywhere - from offices to large greenhouses. This is due to its resistance to frost. It is important to plant the yucca correctly and then it will be able to withstand frost up to 30 degrees and, surprisingly, bloom. Although it is still better to cover for the winter.
If your region is famous for harsh winters, then buy only a well-established, acclimatized plant, preferably from a local greenhouse, and be sure to ask the seller for details of caring for it in winter. Filamentous yucca is a perennial plant, it will adorn the space for a long time if you take proper care of it. They say that yucca brings good luck and happiness to the house, so that it blooms for a long time and pleases you, you need to master the science of caring for this plant.
Yucca is filamentous. Plant care and planting
Planting yucca filamentous. There are no cardinal requirements for the composition of the soil. The main thing is to avoid waterlogging, otherwise the roots of yucca filamentous will begin to rot. You can save the yucca by removing most of the root and replanting the filamentous yucca in a flower pot. And only a year later, after leaving the yucca, you can plant it again in your garden, but according to all the rules. And the rules are as follows: filamentous yucca should be planted in a place where there is no danger of water overflow.
A place suitable for filamentous yucca is on a slope, with light partial shade from trees. Although in fact it can grow even on sand, the main thing is to provide it with conditions far from damp and water less, even in the wildest heat.
Drainage is also important. A pit for planting filamentous yucca must be prepared at least 80 cm deep and at least 40 cm in diameter.Then pour pebbles or fragments of brick into a hole, 5-10 centimeters, and then half fill with coarse sand, and even better with fallen leaves (they are valuable as fertilizer), mix sand with ash - this will only improve the effect.
Much also depends on the composition of the soil on the site. And if the soil is more sandy, then you can already plant. If your land on the site is loam or black earth, then immediately before planting "dilute" it with sand.
As you already understood, it is necessary to water the filamentous yucca carefully. If the summer season is not dry, then natural watering is enough for her, and in case of drought, once a week is enough. A couple of times a season, feed it with a complex mineral fertilizer, and in the third year (when the roots are finally stronger), you can also feed it with organic waste. It is not necessary to transplant filamentous yucca; it can grow in one place for decades.
To prepare the yucca for the winter season, you need to tie the leaves in a bunch and put more fallen leaves on the roots - this will help save the plant from hypothermia.
It is very easy to propagate filamentous yucca - with the help of lateral shoots, which, if not weeded in time, will turn your plant into a large and sloppy bush. Observe these conditions for caring for this beautiful plant. And remember: it does not begin to bloom in the very first year after planting, but at least three years later.
In the garden, filamentous yucca will make a successful composition for lower flowers - tobacco, nasturtium or pansies and can become its main decoration.
Yucca plant: photos, types, cultivation, planting and care at home in the open field
Perennial evergreen shrubs and trees grown in gardens for their unusual shape and long, xiphoid, sometimes very tough leaves. Yucca leaves are collected in rosettes, from the center of which in the second half of summer a tall peduncle grows with numerous bell-shaped flowers up to 10 cm in diameter.
Yuccas come from the southern states of the USA and Central America, and therefore cannot grow in gardens with a cold climate. They are grown either in warm climates or in greenhouses and conservatories as container plants. In central Russia, subject to careful shelter in the open ground, only one species can winter - Yucca filamentosa (Yucca filamentous).
Yucca for the north
There are several such species, but they all have a common feature: a very short woody trunk, which may be completely absent. Therefore, they suffer little during freezing, losing almost only a rosette of leaves. Deep roots are preserved in non-freezing soil layers, and in spring the aboveground part grows back from root buds. The plant even grows lush by increasing the number of outlets. Extreme names and descriptions:
- Yucca is filamentous. This is the most popular of the garden representatives of the genus. The height of the rosette in the middle lane does not exceed 0.5 m, but it has such a peculiar architectural appearance that it attracts attention by itself. If the plant blooms, a powerful arrow with an extensive inflorescence of bell-shaped flowers of ivory color will reach 1.5 m and more. The striped varieties are especially beautiful: Color Guard ',' Bright Edge ',' Golden Sword '.
- Yucca grayis considered the most winter-hardy and tolerates frosts of more than 30 ° C, but it is rarely found in culture.
- Yucca berry (banana) is common in southern landscaping. It is less hardy (up to -28 ° C) than filamentous, but it can grow in the Black Earth zone.
- Yucca Harriman and dwarf are practically unknown in our country, but judging by the photo, these are charming crumbs.
Choosing a frost-resistant specimen does not guarantee that it will grow well. It is very important in what conditions it will be planted: every little thing matters for plants.
Where is the best place to plant yucca
Anyone will say: "In the sunniest and hottest place" - and he will be right: yucca loves warmth. The microclimate of the site is of great importance. Planting near a warm southern wall, protected by a snow-covered fence, increases the chances of a successful wintering. Its second feature is its intolerance to waterlogging. The plant suffers from soaking, especially in winter during thaws. Therefore, planting in an elevated place is practiced so that the thawed water does not linger on the surface of the frozen soil. At the same time, it will protect the yucca from temporary flooding in the spring or after rainstorms.
What soil is needed for a yucca
The mechanical composition of the soil should serve the same purpose - protection from waterlogging. Light soil with a large proportion of sand, pebbles, fine gravel will be the best option. If there is heavy clay on the site, add the listed materials to it. Fertility does not really matter, it is better if the soil is poor - an undernourished plant is more resistant to frost.
Yucca filamentous - gardeningJune 29, 2016 Natalia
Do you see the beauty in the photograph? This is a filamentous yucca. Photographed literally last Saturday. A few years ago, a neighbor shared her seedlings, and since last year she began to bloom. We will talk about the peculiarities of growing yucca today in the "I love flowers" section. By the way, yucca can be grown both in flower gardens in the open field and in greenhouses. And why this flower can be called the queen of jeans, you will find out further.
Yucca is filamentous. Characteristics and appearance of the plant
Filamentous yucca is a perennial evergreen shrub that belongs to the Agave family. Leaves linear-lanceolate, flat, basal, growing from a rosette, blue-green, 30 to 90 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, with a sharply pointed soft or hard top. Threads hang along the edges of the leaves, which
time may fall off. Inflorescence - panicle 1 to 3 (4) m high. Flowers creamy white, yellowish white or white with a greenish tinge, drooping, 5 to 8 cm long, petals 6.
There are a lot of plant varieties. The most common species is the Yucca elephantipes. In length, the leaves reach from 30 to 75 cm, in width - from 5 to 8 cm. The flowers of this amazing plant almost one to one "copy" the field bell, only they are huge in size and, as a rule, white.
Yucca filamentous is grown in gardens, orchards and even offices around the world. The widespread use of yucca is due to the fact that it is unpretentious and resistant to frost. When planted correctly, the yucca will be able to withstand frost up to 30 degrees and, surprisingly, bloom. Although in areas with severe winters, it is still better to cover it for the winter.
If your region is famous for harsh winters, buy only a well-established, acclimatized plant, preferably from a local greenhouse, and be sure to ask the seller for details of caring for it in winter. With proper care, yucca will beautify your area for a long time.
Yucca is filamentous. where does it come from and where does the thread
Filamentous yucca is called because of the filamentous processes at the ends of the petals of the bell-bud. This flower has another name - “tree of happiness”. Astrologers claim that yucca cleanses the environment from the negative energy of unkind thoughts. I don't know if this is so, but a positive mood from looking at a flowering plant is definitely guaranteed to you.
Yucca is native to North America. It also grows wild in Mexico, Jamaica, Bermuda. About 40 species of yucca are found in these places. It grows in dry and sunny places. Yucca is very popular among the local Indians, who use it as a medicine in the treatment of certain diseases, for making ropes, soap and even fabrics. Over time, this plant migrated to Europe. There are about 40 varieties of filamentous yucca, and there are specimens without a stem.
By the way, the first denim was made from Yucca thread. The fact is that yucca bears fruit in its native places. The fruit is like a capsule that contains seeds and a substance like cotton. Very strong fabrics, ropes and even ropes are made from it. In our area, we will not see fruits, because only one butterfly pollinates it - the yucca moth. In our latitudes, it is not found.
Experts say that jeans made from yucca thread are so high quality and durable that they are inherited. True, in our time, jeans made of pure yucca are practically not found. No thickets of this plant will be enough to provide jeans for everyone. But some yucca is added to expensive denim.
Yucca is filamentous. Planting and leaving
When planting, keep in mind that very good lighting is necessary for filamentous yucca to bloom. There are no strict requirements for the composition of the soil. The main thing is to avoid waterlogging, otherwise the roots of the plant will begin to rot. However, the lack of watering in dry weather will not lead to anything good either. The main thing is that there is no stagnation of water in the soil.
A place suitable for filamentous yucca is on a slope, with light partial shade from trees. Although in fact it can grow even on sand, the main thing is to provide it with conditions far from damp. Loamy soil is best mixed with sand. If you plan on growing yucca in pots, buy a good nutrient medium. Ready-made earthen mixtures (for palms, yucca, dracaena, ficuses), which are sold in stores, or mixtures made by yourself, are suitable.
Young plants require sod and leafy soil, humus and sand in a ratio of 2 × 2 × 1 × 2. When compiling an earthen mixture for adult plants, we exclude humus from the composition and mix sod and leafy soil and sand in a ratio of 3 × 2 × 2. Drainage is also important, both when planting in pots and planting in open ground.
When planting in open ground, we make a pit for yucca at least 80 cm deep and at least 40 cm in diameter.Then pour pebbles or fragments of brick into a hole, 5-10 centimeters, and then fill it halfway with coarse sand, and even better with fallen leaves (they are valuable as fertilizer), mix the sand with ash - this will only improve the effect.
Watering and feeding in open and indoor growing
Watering the filamentous yucca should be done carefully. Abundant watering is needed only in the warm season. If the summer season is not dry, then natural watering is enough for her, and in case of drought, once a week is enough. In between waterings, the soil should dry out to a decent depth.
When growing filamentous yucca indoors, watering in winter is carried out once a month, while you need to make sure that the earthy clod is not too dry. Remember that the roots rot from excessive moisture, and from excessive drying of the soil, they can dry out. Be sure to spray the leaves to simulate dew. Do this every day, but only with boiled water. Spraying the leaves with tap water leads to their rapid contamination with a precipitate of calcium salts, which not only worsens the appearance of the plant, but also disrupts its diet.
If the leaves are contaminated, the flower must be wiped. This should be done very carefully using a dry, soft cloth. Wipe the leaves only from the base to the tips. Otherwise, you will damage the "cilia" - very important organs that supply the plant with water.
A couple of times a season, feed the yucca with a complex mineral fertilizer, and in the third year (when the roots are finally strengthened), you can also feed it with organic waste. For indoor cultivation, fertilizing is carried out twice a month, alternating mineral fertilizers - for palm trees and decorative leafy plants - and organic fertilizers. Keep in mind that only healthy plants can be fertilized.
Yucca is filamentous. When a transplant is needed
In the open field, it is not necessary to transplant filamentous yucca, it can grow in one place for decades. For indoor cultivation, young plants should be transplanted annually, adults - once every 2 years, moreover, by the transshipment method. Between transplanting an adult plant in spring, it is necessary to remove the top layer of soil and add fresh soil instead.
A compulsory yucca transplant is required in several cases:
- You just bought a plant and brought it home (give it time first — two weeks — to adapt).
- The pot is too small for the root system, a larger vessel is required.
• Roots rotted. In this case, an urgent transplant is required, before which the decayed roots should be removed. Before replanting the plant, dry the soil in which it is located. Remove the yucca from the pot, gently shake the soil off the roots.
To prepare filamentous yucca for the winter season in an open flower garden, you need to tie the leaves in a bunch and put more fallen leaves on the roots - this will help save the plant from hypothermia. When grown indoors, in winter we place the yucca in a cool and well-lit place, preferably on a south window. Yucca winters well in cool conditions (not lower than +10 ºС) with moderate watering. Too high a temperature is also harmful.
when there is too much watering and it is hot in the room, the filamentous yucca grows strongly, and its roots quickly rot. With insufficient lighting in winter, in combination with a high temperature of the content, the shoots stretch, become thinner, brighten, the leaves lose their inherent density, then they turn yellow and fall off. In addition, under such conditions, pests may appear, as a result of which the yucca leaves also turn yellow and fall off.
Yucca is filamentous. Breeding features
The most common ways of yucca propagation are rooting in pieces of the trunk of at least 10 cm in length, rooting with lateral shoots and rooting at the top of the stem. For indoor cultivation, the latter method is very successful. It allows you to multiply the flower and adjust its height in height.
For propagation with the top of the stem, cut off the top of the plant with a sharp knife.Treat the cut site with sulfur or crushed charcoal and dry the cut for two hours, then place the plant in wet sand, to which add pieces of charcoal (birch charcoal is great, which is used for barbecue).
With this type of reproduction, yucca requires increased air humidity. Make a mini greenhouse by covering the shank pot with plastic wrap. Roots are formed within two months. The optimal time for yucca breeding in this way is late winter-early spring (February-April).
It is very easy to propagate filamentous yucca in the open field - with the help of lateral shoots from the root, which, if not weeded in time, will turn your plant into a large and sloppy bush. In the fall, they need to be separated from the mother plant and pre-prepared containers with fertile soil should be planted. After planting, the shoots must be watered abundantly and covered with a glass jar. The process of root formation on the shoot is quite long and during all this time it is necessary to ventilate the mini-greenhouse and monitor the soil moisture.
It is very important not to rush and wait until the process is completely rooted, and only then transplant it into open ground. In warm regions, you can plant yucca babies in August immediately in open ground. According to reviews, it turns out well. We also plan to propagate the yucca by transplanting shoots in August. If all goes well, I will write about the result in the comments or in the following articles.
Observe these conditions for caring for yucca and it will delight you for many years. And remember: it does not begin to bloom in the very first year after planting, but at least two years later. We bloomed in the second year, as the seedlings were given to us by rather adult ones. In the garden, filamentous yucca will make a successful composition for lower flowers that will shade it. To consolidate the material, I suggest watching a good video with sensible tips for growing this plant. There, the reproduction of yucca is suggested to be carried out by the rhizome.
Video: filamentous yucca: plant features
Peonies: planting and care - questions and answers
PIONE CARE - QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS The herbaceous peony is a lush, incredibly beautiful and also very tenacious plant. Many growers write that seedlings persistently appear where a peony bush was recently dug up and small parts of the rhizome remained in the ground. But despite such a "thirst for life", the peony cannot be called unpretentious. He often refuses to bloom, fattens, ...
Best Plants for Clay Soil
Clay soil makes gardening very difficult. When the clay is wet, it is slippery; when it dries, it becomes as hard as stone.
In this article, we've rounded up 25 attractive plants that love clay. Among these plants you will find ground covers and those that will decorate the garden not only in summer, but also in autumn and even winter!
Asters adapt well to almost any conditions, the peak of asters bloom is autumn. The New England aster you see here in the photo comes in lavender, white, purple, light purple and pink. It is a good idea to plant an aster (its height is usually from 60 cm) in the middle of the rabatka.
Latin name: Aster novae-angliae
As for the goldenrod, you don't have to tinker with it. It grows by itself and forms a fluffy uniform bush that blooms in late summer. In the photo you can see the goldenrod “Crown of Rays”, the height of this variety is up to 60-70 cm. The varieties of goldenrod that are clay tolerant can reach a height of up to 1.5 m!
Latin name: Solidago "Crown of Rays"
Rudbeckia is a fairly common flower in our flower beds, and its Goldsturm variety is the most popular. It is unpretentious, tolerates heat and drought, easily tolerates winter and will delight you with its bright colors from year to year. In addition, rudebkia is non-invasive and blooms for a long time.
Latin name: Rudbeckia "Goldstrum"
Perovskia swan-leaved grows so well on hot, dry clay that sometimes there are concerns about its invasiveness. Thin stems with light lavender small flowers and silvery leaves will easily fit into any rabatka. I would like to note that, in general, Perovskian swan-leaved is good for flower beds in arid regions.
Latin name: Perovskia
The "die hard" daylily grows almost everywhere. Although the gramophone-shaped daylily flower blooms for only a day, the bush produces many flowers and therefore the plant stands in bloom for several weeks in a row. There are daylily varieties that bloom several times a season. In the photo, the variety is "Country Melody".
Latin name: Hemerocallis
Yarrow is a hardy plant that is not afraid of drought and loves the sun. Yarrow has fern-like leaves often with a silvery gray tint, and its yellow inflorescences attract butterflies to the garden.
Latin name: Achillea
Schizachirium paniculata is a luxurious herb native to the prairies of North America. In summer, this grass is bluish-green, and in autumn it becomes crimson. The "Blue Heaven" variety you see here in the photo has especially blue foliage. This herb takes root deep into the ground and therefore withstands prolonged drought.
Latin name: Schizachyrium scoparium
Pennisetum is an elegant and spectacular grass, its ears, crowning a blade of grass with graceful curves, are always directed outward relative to the center of the bush and gently sway in a light breeze. Here in the photo you can see the variety "Hameln" - it is a dwarf variety with a height and width of a bush up to about 75 cm. Pennisetum is an ornamental grass that practically does not require maintenance.
Latin name: Pennisetum
Ornamental grass, rod-shaped millet feels great on wet or dry clay soil and even in partial shade! Its heads sway gracefully in the wind. Some varieties of rod-shaped millet, such as "Heavy Metal", have bluish-green foliage, others turn red and maroon in autumn.
Latin name: Panicum
Vernonia - this perennial is hardy, tolerant of summer heat, can withstand the absence of watering for a long time (drought-resistant plant) and thrives on clay soil. In late summer, Vernonia blooms with purple flowers that are attractive to butterflies.
Latin name: Vernonia
At first glance at the eland you immediately understand: the plant is tropical. Canna varieties are very diverse: there are varieties as small as 60 cm, and there are - 1.8 m. Canna grows well in poorly drained soil and can even live in stagnant water!
Hint for gardeners: In colder regions, the canna rhizome should be dug up for the winter and stored somewhere where frost will not get to it.
In terms of its ability to adapt, Amsonia is a garden champion: it will grow calmly in a swamp, and on dry clay, in an open sunny area and in partial shade. Its light blue flowers bloom twice a season: in mid-late spring and autumn, and in the fall, its small needle-like leaves turn bright yellow!
Latin name: Amsonia
Native to the American prairie, Baptisia grows its root system deeply and squeezes through the hardest clay soil! Wild baptisia has blue flowers, but there are varieties with white, yellow and purple flowers.
Latin name: Baptisia
Coreopsis is good because it is a drought tolerant plant and has a very long flowering period. This photo shows the Zagreb variety, notable for its needle-like foliage, loves the sun and can serve as a spectacular groundcover on heavy clay soil.
Latin name: Coreopsis
Echinacea flowers act like a magnet on butterflies. Echinacea loves the sun and grows well in open, sunny areas. Although she loves well-drained soil, she is also clay tolerant. In the photo echinacea "Ruby Star". There are echinacea varieties with pink flowers, there are white, orange, burgundy and just red.
Latin name: Echinacea
Einehead is a delightful plant that gives texture to any flower garden or bouquet! The entire plant is metallic blue in color, has jagged leaves, blooms like bumpy flowers, adorned with a crown of pointed and hard bracts, resembling thorns. Erythematosus is a relative of the thistle. Note: neither the hare nor the rabbit dares to taste it.
Latin name: Eryngium
Hint for gardeners: The varieties of Eryngium yuccolisty also grow well on clay (English name - Rattlesnake master, Latin - Eryngium yuccifolium and Eryngium giganteum (English name - Miss Willmott's ghost, Latin - Eryngium giganteum).
The seed pod of this plant is very similar to the head and beak of a stork, hence the name. But generally speaking, it is geranium. Stork is an excellent groundcover for clay soil. It grows in open, sunny areas or in partial shade, flowering is always very abundant. The stork blooms in early summer, and some varieties are in bloom until autumn. Stork bushes also look pretty in autumn.
Latin name: Geranium
Few garden plants can compete with sunflower heliopsis. This hardy perennial blooms all summer long and is heat and drought tolerant! Most varieties such as Summer Sun (see photo) grow up to 1-1.2 m in height, while Tuscan Sun is no taller than 1 m and is ideal for small gardens.
Latin name: Heliopsis
The wide silvery-green leaves have a very decorative shape, and even if the Heuchera does not bloom, its bushes will wonderfully decorate any flower bed. If Heuchera blooms, then its coral bells (here in the photo variety "Paris") will sway like foam on the waves of the sea. But generally speaking, heucheras plant for foliage, which ranges from dark purple to bronze, peach, silver and multicolored.
Latin name: Heuchera
Hosta loves shade, has a spectacular bush, blooms with white and blue flowers. In the photo, the Patriot hosta has leaves bordered with white, which gives the bush a dramatic effect.
Also native to the American prairie, the liatris spikelet attracts butterflies to the garden and has become a popular cut flower. Liatris spikelet blooms with purple and white inflorescences.
Latin name: Liatris
In fact, this plant has many other names besides the name "monarda", namely: Indian nettle, bee balm, wild bergamot, horse mint, golden lemon balm. This happened because this plant has been used in gardens for a very long time and in different areas it was called differently. Its flowers come in a wide variety of shades of red, pink, lavender and purple. Monarda easily grows on heavy soils.
Latin name: Monarda
Sedum "Autumn Joy" is a drought-resistant perennial that grows well on almost all types of soil and even on dense clay. To get the most out of stonecrop, plant it in an area that is completely exposed to the sun's rays. The sedum blooms in late summer and its modest flowers attract butterflies.
Latin name: Sedum "Autumn Joy"
Yucca blooms in early summer, releasing an upward arrow, on which waxy white flowers bloom. Yucca thrives in hot and dry climates, but also thrives on clay soils where moisture is present. Probably, our reader will be curious to know that the yucca in the English-speaking environment is called the Adam's needle - this name the yucca owes its pointed leaves.
Latin name: Yucca filamentosa
Miscanthus is a herb that seems to grow everywhere, from swampy areas to dry, hard clay under the scorching rays of the sun. Its silvery plume-like panicles play beautifully and sparkle in the sun in late summer and autumn.
Latin name: Miscanthus
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What types of yucca are most common in floriculture and how are they remarkable? What should you pay special attention to when caring for a yucca?
Yucca (Yucca) is a genus of very attractive evergreens of the agave family (Agavaceae), native to North and Central America. The genus Yucca unites about 40 species. Highly decorative yuccas are widely used in floriculture.
Yuccas are tree-like plants, with a trunk or rosette, depending on the species. Rigid xiphoid leaves of various yuccas reach a length of 25-100 cm, a width of 1-8 cm, they are collected in a bunch at the top of the shoot or form a basal rosette. Depending on the species, yucca leaves are green or gray-gray, semi-hard or very hard, erect or drooping, with jagged or smooth edges. The edges of the leaves are often covered with threads, and sometimes have a sharp thorn at the end. From the leaves of some yucca species, fiber is extracted, which is used to make ropes and other plaited products.
Yucca has numerous flowers (about 300 pieces) up to 7 cm long, bell-shaped or cupped, white in color or with creamy greenish, yellowish tones. Flowers are collected in a large panicle 0.5-2.5 m long, erect or drooping. Indoors, yucca rarely blooms.
The yucca fruit is a dry capsule or juicy fruit (in some species it is edible).
The most common types of yucca in culture:
-Yucca filamentous (Y. Filamentosa) is very beautiful and most popular among florists. It forms a rosette of leaves with lateral suckers. The dense leathery leaves are xiphoid, 30-60 cm long and 3-10 cm wide, dark green with a bluish bloom. The leaves are bent at the top, have an apical spine and dense protruding threads along the edges. Peduncle - a huge branched panicle up to 2.5 m tall - appears in the plant in August-September. White cupped flowers 7 cm long, on drooping pedicels. Yucca filamentous grows and blooms successfully in a sunny place, in fertile and well-drained non-clay soil. In the middle lane, this species hibernates, but needs shelter.
Yucca filamentous reproduces by lateral suckers or seeds.
-Yucca gray (Y. glauca) has a short trunk and a dense rosette of grayish-green leaves, whitish at the edges and with a few filaments. The leaves are drooping, 60-90 cm long and up to 1.2 cm wide. Blooms profusely from mid-summer to autumn. The racemose inflorescence is 1-2 m tall, the flowers are whitish-green, bell-shaped.
-Aloe leaf yucca (Y. aloifolia). In nature, this tree is 4-6 m high, with traces of fallen leaves on the trunk. The leaves collected in a rosette are located in the upper part of the trunk. They are tough, xiphoid, straight, rather long (35-45 cm), dark green with a bluish bloom, with sharp, whitish edges. A hard, reddish-brown thorn is found at the top of the leaf. The width of the leaf in the middle part up to 3 cm, the leaf expands towards the base. The peduncle is short, the inflorescence panicle is branched. The flowers of the aloe-leaf yucca are self-pollinating, so this unpretentious species bears fruit in culture.
-Yucca southern (Y. australis) is a powerful highly branched tree, in nature 8-10 m high, with leathery short leaves 25-30 cm long and 2-3 cm wide. Leaves are dark green, with filaments along the edges, densely arranged. Long (1-2 m), branched, hanging multi-flowered inflorescence with creamy flowers.
- Short-leaved Yucca (Y. Brevifolia or Y. Arborescens) grows very slowly. In nature, this highly branched tree reaches a height of up to 9 m, with a thick trunk up to half a meter in diameter. Densely grooved leaves are hard, short (15-20 cm long and 0.6-1.5 cm wide in the middle), almost triangularly widened towards the base. The edges of the leaf are pale green, sharply serrated, the apex of the leaf is brownish and prickly.The short peduncle bears a dense panicle with pale yellow flowers.
-Yucca elephant (Y. elephantipes or guatemalensis) is widespread in indoor floriculture. In nature, this tree with many branches sometimes reaches a height of 8 m. It has a thick, tuberous at the base, densely leafy decorative trunk. Green shiny leaves are xiphoid, 60-100 cm long and 5-8 cm wide (in the middle), tapering towards the base. Leaves are flexible, spiny at the apex, with serrated whitish edges. The upper leaves are directed upwards, the lower ones are directed downwards. There is a variegated form. Peduncle short dense panicle 60-90 cm long bears white flowers on short pedicels.
- Yucca leafy (Y. recurvifolia) has a short trunk, single or branched leaves are collected in a rosette at the top of the trunk. They are drooping, 60-90 cm long, grayish green. The leaf is slightly folded, spiny-pointed at the apex, flat in the middle, entire or with single teeth, slightly fibrous at the edges.
- Yucca glorious (Y. gloriosa) has a straight short trunk up to 1 m high and grayish-green spear-shaped leaves. Tall apical inflorescences bear white bell-shaped flowers.
- Yucca radiant (Y. radiosa) is a tree that in nature reaches a height of 5-7 m. Leaves are numerous, densely arranged, linear, 45-60 cm long and up to 1 cm wide (in the middle). The leaf tapers towards the base, slightly grooved, with a sharp apex. The edges of the leaf are white, narrow, covered with a large number of fine threads. Inflorescence up to 2 m high bears a long branched panicle with flowers.
- Yucca beak (Y. rostrata) is a tree up to 3 m high with a thick trunk and a branched crown. Numerous leathery leaves are thin and long, narrow (about 1 cm wide), flat or biconvex. The leaf has a sharp spiny apex, striped, with yellow serrated edges. Long peduncle bears a branched inflorescence-panicle with white flowers.
- Yucca Schotta (Y. schottii or Y. Macrocarpa) has a straight or weakly branched trunk 3-4 m high. Straight hard leaves are smooth, 20-50 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, glaucous. The leaf tapers slightly at the base, covered with fine threads along the edges. The branches and peduncle are bent inflorescence - a loose panicle.
- Yucca Trekulya (Y. treculeana) has a thick branched trunk up to 5-7 m in height. The densely arranged leaves are xiphoid, long (up to 120 cm long, about 7-9 cm wide in the middle), tapering towards the base. The leaf is dark green, leathery, rough on both sides. At the top of the leaf there is a thorn, the edges are brown-red with a pale border, at the base of the leaf there are finely serrated edges. The peduncle is short, the inflorescence panicle is branched, bears white flowers.
Yucca whipplei has needle-sharp, narrow, bluish-green leaves collected in a rosette. White-cream bell-shaped flowers are collected in tall (about 120 cm) apical inflorescences.
The yucca is often sold in a small pot of peat, so it can be transferred to a larger, more stable pot soon after purchase.
Yucca grows successfully in the house if it receives enough bright light and soft sun. In the warm season, you can put the plant on the balcony or in the garden.
Yucca leaves collect dust, so from time to time they arrange a "shower" or wipe the leaves with a soft sponge.
Yucca winters well in coolness (about 10 degrees) with moderate watering, otherwise the plant will grow strongly and the roots will quickly rot.
Prepared the answer by E.Yu. Ziborova.
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